Square Brackets

What’s the best writing advice I’ve ever received?

Use square brackets.

Seriously, this has helped me so much. My first drafts (and second and third) have square brackets scattered throughout.

I use square brackets to indicate sections that need work, so that I can write without breaking flow.

Instead of stopping to look up the internal components of a lawn mower, I can write:

I jammed the [weird thingy inside the lawn mower] with a wrench.

Instead of trying to figure out believable dialogue on my first try, I can write:

[“As you know, Bob, the aliens are invading right now,” she said. “And they don’t look happy.”]

Here’s an actual example from a work in progress:

He began the class by reviewing [physics thing], his [some identifying characteristic.]

Who knows if any of that sentence will make it to the final draft? Or any of that scene?

And that’s another good thing about square brackets. I don’t have to waste time getting each scene right in an early draft, since at that point, I’m still playing around with the structure of the story. I can block out the scene, writing down a rough idea of how I think it will go. If I switch stuff up, or even delete the scene entirely, I won’t have wasted time doing unnecessary research or agonizing over a sentence that I didn’t even keep.

Square brackets are searchable, so if I want to do some quick revisions, I can find the places that need work. I also use brackets to block off new sections of writing to review later.

And the brackets are a visual reminder that a draft doesn’t have to be perfect. When I stick something in square brackets, I feel relieved, knowing that I’ll go back over it again and make it better.

Goal: Don't Be Boring

When I first started writing, I scoured the Internet for advice from the experts.

Not writers (although I certainly read a lot of writer blogs too), but editors.

I figured that slush pile readers were exposed to more new writing than anyone else, so perhaps they’d have some good advice for someone just getting started.

As I browsed through many “tales from the slush pile” and interviews of famous editors in the speculative fiction field, there was one thing people seemed to be saying over and over again.

Most of the slush pile, it seems, is not actually that bad. Many submissions are grammatically correct and tell a story in a somewhat proficient way. But lots of stories are just average. Lots of stories are boring.

So one of my biggest writing goals is to not be boring.

It’s not as easy as it sounds. A lot goes into telling a story. And what, exactly, makes a story not boring?

Plotting is an important element. I try to give my characters a goal right away, something that the reader can latch on to. I try to raise questions that the reader will wonder about.

Some of my strategy hinges on putting in strange details, stuff that’s often a bit silly, like a sea monster who sings drinking songs or aliens landing on Rabbit Island (which is actually a real and amazing place).

As a new writer, I know that not everything I write will be publishable. But I strive to write the stuff that only I can write. The weird stuff. The silly stuff. The stuff that could only come out of my brain.

And I do believe that every writer, at whatever level of skill, has a voice that is theirs alone. I believe that everyone has a story that only they can tell.

Overcoming Doubt

Like many people, I’d always had the dream of becoming a writer, but I’d never written anything. When I decided to actually make a go of it, the first thing I realized is that writing is a lot of work.

Writing is hours of sitting at your computer, outlining, drafting, writing, rewriting, rewriting, rewriting, submitting, getting rejected, and then writing some more.

And it can be hard to justify spending all that time writing when you aren’t meeting any of your goals. Or when everything you send out gets rejected.

When the tendrils of doubt start to creep in, I tell myself a few things.

  1. No one starts out knowing how to write.
  2. Writing is a craft. It can take years to reach basic proficiency.
    • It’s normal to work really hard and still not be that good. I actually find this idea heartening, since it’s means there’s hope that if I keep working, I’ll get better. Ira Glass (of This American Life) created some videos on storytelling, where he offers some great insights about the time it takes to become competent in creative pursuits.
  3. Being rejected doesn’t mean your work is bad.
    • Editors get a lot of great stuff they want to publish, but can’t. Maybe they loved it, but it’s not right for the magazine. Maybe they just accepted something with a similar theme. Just keep submitting.
  4. Writing is a joy in and of itself.
    • External validation is nice but feeling that I’ve completed a story I’m proud of is even better.

Archival Work and Writing

Being an archivist influences how I write stories–the subject matter, how I think about the world, and even plotting. (Not sure what should happen next? Throw in some archival documents!)

It’s common advice to write what you know, but I’ve never written about archival processing, and it’s uncommon for me to use the archives as a setting.

Instead, I find myself thinking about broader issues, like how memory works and the relationship between the present and the past. I’m interested in what constitutes a document and how our idea of history changes over time. I’m interested in artifactual value (which is that awe you might feel in the physical presence of something really old). I want to think more about our sources for historical knowledge and the differences between oral and written histories.

These were all issues that interested me in my day-to-day work, but that often got shoved out of my head while I sorted correspondence by date or researched the particulars of the Burma Walkout.

Now that I’m not working with collections every day (due to being a full-time mom), I have time to process (pun intended) some of these ideas, which are coming out in my fiction.

Often, if I’m stuck on a story, I just have to think about archives, and suddenly it all clicks.

Publication at Freeze Frame Fiction

My flash fiction piece “The Sound That Carries Across the Ocean” is up at Freeze Frame Fiction.

If you like reading about sea monsters and drinking songs, you might enjoy this one.

The story is illustrated with some wonderful art by Luke Spooner of Carrion House.